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Friday, June 22, 2007

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Wednesday, June 20, 2007

Fire Lookout

A fire lookout is a person assigned the duty to look for fire from atop a building known as a Fire lookout tower. These towers are used in remote areas, normally on mountain tops with high elevation and a good view of the surrounding terrain, to spot smoke caused by a wildfire.

Once a possible fire is spotted, so-called "Smoke Reports", or "Lookout Shots" are relayed to the local Emergency Communications Center (ECC), often by radio or phone. A Fire Lookout can use a device known as an Osborne Fire Finder to obtain the radial in degrees off the tower, and the estimated distance from the tower to the fire.

As part of the Lookout's duties, they must also take weather readings and report the findings to the Emergency Communications Center throughout the day. Often several lookouts will overlap in coverage areas and each will “shoot” the same smoke, then the ECC will use triangulation from the radials reported to achieve a very accurate location of the fire.

Friday, June 15, 2007

Fire Siren

A fire siren is another name for an air raid siren or outdoor warning siren used to summon volunteer firefighters for emergencies. While fire sirens were the primary means of alerting firefighters for many years, more modern means of notification have now been implemented to replace the fire siren. As there can be problems with modern communications, many fire departments (typically in smaller communities) still sound the siren as a backup or auxiliary to these devices (for example, pagers and radios). Many fire sirens also pull double duty as tornado or civil defense sirens, alerting an entire community of impending danger. Most fire sirens are either mounted on the roof of a fire station, or on a pole next to the fire station. Fire sirens can also be mounted near government buildings, on top of tall structures such as water towers, as well as in systems; where several sirens are sporadically placed around a town for better sound coverage. Most fire sirens are single tone and mechanically driven by electric motors with a rotor attached to the shaft. Some newer sirens are electronically driven by speakers, though not as common. The most common types of sirens include the Federal Signal Model 5, Model 2, STH10, STL-10, SD-10, and the Sterling (now Sentry) siren Model M. Fire sirens are often called "fire whistles", "fire alarms", "fire horns" even though the nomenclature is incorrect. Although there is is no standard signaling of fire sirens, some utilize codes to inform firefighters to the location of the fire. Civil defense sirens pulling double duty as a fire siren often can produce an alternating "hi-lo" signal (similar to a British police car) as the fire signal, or a slow wail (typically 3x) as to not confuse the public with the standard civil defense signals of alert (steady tone) and attack (fast wavering tone).

By Wikipedia

Thursday, June 14, 2007

Fire Alarm Pull Station

A fire alarm pull station is an active fire protection device, usually wall-mounted, that, when activated, initiates an alarm on a fire alarm system. In its simplest form, the user activates the alarm by pulling the handle down, which completes a circuit and locks the handle in the activated position, and sending an alarm to the fire alarm control panel. Fire alarm pull station are often reset using a key, which allows the handle to go back up to its normal position. Single pull systems are simpler, but run a higher risk of accidental pulls.

Many fire alarm pull stations are single action and only require the user to pull down the handle. Other fire alarm pull stations are dual-action, and as such require the user to perform a second task before pulling down, such as lifting up or pushing in a panel on the station, or shattering a glass panel. The Fire-Lite BG-10 and the Cerberus Pyrotronics (Siemens) MS-501 are examples of this design. Perhaps the most recognizable pull station is the T-bar style pull. The style is so named because the handle is shaped like the letter "T". This style was first manufactured by Simplex, and is now manufactured by many other companies.

By Wikipedia

Wednesday, June 13, 2007

List of UK Public Fire and Rescue Services


Avon Fire and Rescue Service
Bedfordshire and Luton Fire and Rescue Service
Royal Berkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Buckinghamshire Fire and Rescue Service
Cambridgeshire Fire and Rescue Service
Cheshire Fire and Rescue Service
Cleveland Fire Brigade
Cornwall County Fire Brigade
County Durham and Darlington Fire and Rescue Service
Cumbria Fire & Rescue Service
Derbyshire Fire and Rescue Service
Devon and Somerset Fire and Rescue Service
Dorset Fire and Rescue Service
East Sussex Fire and Rescue Service
Essex County Fire and Rescue Service
Gloucestershire Fire and Rescue Service
Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service
Hampshire Fire and Rescue Service
Hereford and Worcester Fire and Rescue Service
Hertfordshire Fire and Rescue Service
Humberside Fire and Rescue Service
Isles of Scilly Fire and Rescue Service
Lancashire Fire and Rescue Service
Isle of Wight Fire & Rescue Service
Kent Fire and Rescue Service
Leicestershire Fire and Rescue Service
Lincolnshire Fire & Rescue Service
London Fire Brigade
Merseyside Fire and Rescue Service
Norfolk Fire & Rescue Service
Northamptonshire Fire and Rescue Service
Northumberland Fire and Rescue Service
North Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Nottinghamshire Fire & Rescue Service
Oxfordshire Fire and Rescue Service
Shropshire Fire and Rescue Service
South Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Staffordshire Fire & Rescue Service
Suffolk Fire & Rescue Service
Surrey Fire and Rescue Service
Tyne and Wear Fire and Rescue Service
Warwickshire Fire and Rescue Service
West Midlands Fire Service
West Sussex Fire and Rescue Service
West Yorkshire Fire and Rescue Service
Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service

By Wikipedia

Sunday, June 10, 2007

Fire Extinguisher

A fire extinguisher is an active fire protection device used to extinguish or control small fires, often in emergency situations. Typically, a fire extinguisher consists of a hand held cylindrical pressure vessel containing an agent which can be discharged to extinguish a fire.

The typical steps for operating a fire extinguisher (described by the acronym "PASS") are the following:

P - Pull the safety pin
A - Aim the nozzle at the base of the fire, from a safe distance (about six feet away)
S - Squeeze the handle
S - Sweep the extinguisher from side to side while aiming at the base of the fire

There are various types of extinguishers, which are used for different types of fires; using the wrong type can worsen the fire hazard, but using the right one can better the situation. Please note: You are not required to fight a fire. Get out or away and call the Fire Department.

By Wikipedia

Wednesday, June 6, 2007

Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 is a statutory instrument which places the onus on individuals to carry out risk assessments on certain types of property and submit them to their local fire authority. Its full title is: Statutory Instrument 2005 No. 1541 The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. It became law on 1 October 2006, and only applies to England and Wales.

Office of Public Sector Information:
The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005, England & Wales

Gas tank explodes during battle with flames

The Fire and Rescue Service were called to the Annesborough Industrial Estate on the Annesborough Road shortly before 8pm yesterday evening after receiving reports of a blaze in the former Irlandus Circuits premises.

The fire, in a large, unoccupied building which does not adjoin any other businesses, was well underway by the time firefighters arrived.

Group commander Alan Fulford said the operation was further complicated when a cylinder exploded. Two other cylinders inside the building were also in danger of exploding late last night.

"The building is quite large, fifty metres by fifty, so this is a major operation for us," he said.

He added that five fire appliances and an aerial platform were used by firefighters to tackle the incident, while two other fire trucks remained on stand-by.

A PSNI spokesman described the fire as a "major" incident.

He said the Fire Service were urging all householders in the vicinity of the estate to stay well away from the scene.

"They have also asked that residents keep all windows and doors closed," he added.

Written by Belfast Telegraph

Tuesday, June 5, 2007

Goals of Firefighting

The three main goals in firefighting are (in order) life safety, incident stabilization, property conservation and environmental preservation. Firefighting is an inherently difficult occupation. As such, the skills required for safe operations are regularly practiced during training evolutions throughout a firefighters career. In the United States, the preeminent fire training and standards organization is the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA). Often initial firefighting skills are taught during a local, regional, or state approved fire academy. Depending on the requirements of a department, additional skills and certifications such as technical rescue and Para-medicine may also be taught at this time.

Firefighters work closely with other emergency response agencies, most particularly local and state police departments. As every fire scene is technically a crime scene until deemed otherwise by a qualified investigator, there is often overlap between the responsibilities of responding firefighters and police officers such as evidence and scene protection, initial observations of first respondents, and chain of evidence issues. The increasing role of firefighters in providing emergency medical services also brings firefighters into common overlap with law enforcement. One example of this is a common state law requiring all gunshot wounds to be reported to law enforcement agencies.

Most career (full time, paid) firefighters in North America are represented by the International Association of Fire Fighters

Fire fighting has several basic skills: prevention, self preservation, rescue, preservation of property and fire control. Firefighting is further broken down into skills which include size-up, extinguishment, ventilation, and salvage and overhaul. Search and Rescue, which has already been mentioned, is performed early in any fire scenario and many times is in unison with extinguishment and ventilation.

By Wikipedia

Friday, June 1, 2007

Fire Equipments At Great Prices

Fire Equipments At Great Prices
Extinguisher Covers and Stands
Extinguishers Factory Sealed
Extinguishers Refillable
Fire Blankets
Miscellaneous Fire Products


As well as providing safety information, Fire Sense is also a leading distributor of fire equipment.

Standard Members 10% discount on every purchase.
Fire Sense Plus Members 30% discount on every purchase

The Fire Brigades Union

The Fire Brigades Union (FBU) is the main union for firefighters in the United Kingdom. It was founded in 1918 in the London area as the Firemans Trade Union, but soon grew to cover the entire country. During the Second World War, it began to unionise auxiliaries for the first time. Today, it has around 50,000 members.

Home Page of Fire Brigades Union

Founded := 1918
Members := 50,000
Country := United Kingdom
Affiliation := TUC, STUC
Key people := Matt Wrack, general secretary
Office Loc := Norbiton, Kingston upon Thames
Website :=

By Wikipedia

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